Calcium Kidney Stones – This is a major type of stone found in almost 50% of patients suffering from kidney stones. These calcium stones are usually found in people who intake calcium excessively in the form of pills and medications. These types of stones are also likely to form in individuals who have already suffered from kidney stones.
If an individual is diagnosed with this type of kidney stones, then he must avoid the consumption of high calcium diet like dairy products, meat and poultry. He should start taking low calcium high fiber diet. Read about kidney stones symptoms.
Uric Acid Kidney Stones – These stones are another type of crystals found in most of the patients suffering from kidney stones. These stones usually occur when the urine has high concentration of uric acids and it becomes difficult to dissolve in the water due to its excessive presence.
Individuals who undergo Chemotherapy treatment for curing cancer are more likely to develop uric acid stones than others. Low consumption of water in individuals living in hot and arid areas is also more prone to this particular stone. People suffering from inflammatory bowel disorders or chronic diarrhea are likely to develop uric acid stones. The most effective way to prevent this type of stone is by drinking adequate amount of amount to dissolve the uric acid in the urine and increase in the urine pH level.
Struvite Stones – These stones are also known as infectious stones since they mainly occur due to infections in the urinary tract. These stones can grow very fast and occupies large parts of the kidney. These stones are found in 15 to 20% of kidney stone sufferers.
Struvite stones like other kidney stones do not exhibits any symptoms. An individual suffering from struvite stone can experience only a mild pain and blood in the urine. Nowadays there are many antibiotics available to prevent this infectious stones from occurring.
Cystine Stones – Cystine stones are not common kidney disorders as their formation is highly related to a rare disease called ‘Cystinuria’. This stones mainly occurs in children and young adults. Children having hereditary record of kidney stones are more likely to develop cystine stones.
Usually amino acids are filtered in the urine and a normal kidney can absorb them and transfer them to the blood. But in cystinuria, the kidney fails to absorb the amino acids from the urine thus causing the formation of crystals. Cystine stones induce continuous pain in an individual and it leads to kidney failure. Taking adequate amount of water is the most effective way of preventing this kidney disorder. Read more about causes of kidney stones.