Kidney Stones Symptoms

Kidney Stones Symptoms: Kidney stones are one of the most common and painful urinary disease. The medical term for kidney stones is renal calculi.

kidney stones 1What is Kidney Stone?

Kidney stones are solid mass that are developed from crystal aggregations. Kidney stone is a solid or crystalline material, often called as renal calculi in medical terminology that generates in the kidney due to the intake of dietary minerals. Irregular diet is the major reason behind such a disorder and to the maximum; it could even take away your life. Hence intense care is desired while handling such a severe health condition.

Kidney stones are hard crystal like substances that generally forms in the kidneys. They do not cause any problems or disorders unless these stones are settled in any one of the kidneys. Severe pain can only be experienced when these stones pass out of the kidney and moves to the ureter, thus blocking the urinal passage. The pain mainly depends upon the size and shape of the stones. It can start with mild pain and develop to acute pain causing bleeding in the urine.

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Kidney stones develop in the human body due to the formation of crystals from salts and minerals in the kidneys or urinary tract. These crystals are formed by sticking together and can be of different size, from a grain of sand to a large golf ball. Usually these stones are made of calcium oxalate which accounts for more than 80% prevalence of kidney stone or uric acid, a consequence of protein metabolism due to low protein diet. The formation of these crystals can block the urinary passage and cause extreme pain, chills, nausea and even blood in the urine. Kidney stones are usually curable but there are chances to reoccur in a person if he does not change his way of lifestyle that caused him/her kidney stones.

The formation of kidney stone is a common occurrence and sometimes the stones are so small that they even pass out with the urine without any difficulty. However the larger ones can cause severe pain and create complications while making their way out of the urinal tract. There are also chances of infection in the kidney and in the urinary tract if the stone gets stuck in the ureter for a long period. It can also create many damages in the kidney and rise many health related problems.

Kidney Stones Symptoms
Kidney stones leave the body usually by the passage of the flow of urine, stones and many more are formatted and passed without causing symptoms. If stones grow to sufficient size before passage, at least on the order of 2-3 millimeters; they can cause obstruction of the ureter. The result is causing obstruction or stretching of the broad upper renal pelvis and ureter (the part of the kidney where urine collects before entering the ureter), and muscle spasm of the ureter, trying to move the stone. This causes pain; most commonly felt the shoulder, lower abdomen and groin. Renal colic can be associated with nausea or vomiting. Blood in the urine can be, visible with naked eye or under microscope due to damage to the lining of the urine tract.

Kidney Stones Symptoms: There are many symptoms of kidney stones but some of the most common kidney stone symptoms are:

  • Acute pain during urination
  • Chills and fever
  • Pyuria: pus in the urine
  • Persistent urge to urinate
  • Frequent nausea and vomiting
  • Hematuria: presence of blood in the urine
  • Dysuria: experiencing burning sensation on urination when passing stones
  • Severe pain in some parts of the body, especially in genital organs and thighs. Usually the  pain may last for long and sometimes for only few minutes depending upon the ejection of the stones.

Sometimes kidney stones do not cause any symptoms. Typically, the first symptoms of kidney stone is extreme pain, which begins suddenly when a stone moves in urine tract and blocks the flow of urine. Typically, a person feels a sharp, cramping pain in my back and side area of the kidney or lower abdomen. Sometimes nausea or vomiting occurs. Later, pain may spread to the groin.

If the stone is too large to pass easily, pain continues as the muscles of the wall of the narrow ureter try to squeeze the stone into the bladder. Like a stone moves and the body tries to push it, blood may appear in the urine, making the urine pink. As the stone moves down the ureter, closer to the bladder, a person may feel the need to urinate more often or feel burning sensation during urination.

If fever and chills accompany any of these symptoms, injury may be present. In this case, the person needs to contact a doctor immediately.

Kidney Stones Causes
The formulation of kidney stones is the result of the weaknesses of the overall metabolism. Generally kidney infection occur, especially when concentrated urine in relation to heavy sweating or inadequate consumption of fluids. They are the result of a sedentary way of life. Another reason is unhealthy diet, excessive consumption of acid forming foods, white sugar products, meat, tea, coffee, spices and seasonings. Read more about causes of kidney stones.

Disclaimer: The information provided here is for information only. This is not a replacement of professional consultation. For any signs and symptoms of kidney stones consult with a doctor.

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